Ethiopia is a land of ancient history, and source of human civilization as described by many historians. It is the only uncolonized country in African continent, and one of the oldest in the world. Ethiopia, a country beyond all imaginations, has culture and traditions dating back over 3 million years. It is home of not only to nearly a hundred different indigenous tribes, each with its own language, but also to an astonishing array of historical and world-heritage sites, much of it unique to this wonderful country.
Ethiopia is strategically located in the Horn of East Africa, on 3' and 14.8’ latitude 33' and 48' longitude.It is bordered on the north and northeast by Eritrea, on the east by Djibouti, and on the southeast by Somalia, on the south by Kenya, on the northwest by Sudan and on the southwest by South Sudan; with a total border length of 5,311 km. It is the 10th largest, the 3rd populous country in Africa. Its proximity to the Middle East and Europe, together with its easy access to the major ports of the region, enhances its international trade.
The horn of Africa houses the country of Ethiopia. It contains a central plateau with a number of mountains and rivers. Temperatures range from 40 to 80°F within the sunny and dry region. The months of February through April are generally short rainy times. Much larger rains come sometime in June, and generally end in September.
The people of Ethiopia are highly diversified. Multiple languages are spoken. Some community members are Christian, while others are Muslim. Many people in the area also speak English as a second language.
Ethiopia became part of the Federal Republic. This took place under the Constitution in 1994. The president and Council of State are part of the executive branch, along with the Council of Ministers. The Prime Minister holds executive power.
Currently within the economy there is reform. The process of change is ongoing, while government officials influence the economy. The largest part of the economy is agriculturally based. A very high percentage of goods are exported. Nearly all the population is employed.
The largest export good from Ethiopia is that of coffee. Exports from Africa provide a large percentage of the world’s use of coffee. Ethiopia also exports leather, oilseeds, skins, sugar, and gold. Ethiopia, at times, deals with periods of drought along with degradation of soil components.
Agricultural means is most promising for Ethiopia. Although there is a high density of population, as well as water resources that are underdeveloped, there is great potential for self-sufficiency. Products include grains, livestock, vegetables, fruits, flowers and sugar. The country relies heavily upon the market place.
Ethiopia is also involved in the mining of gold, limestone, and marble. Small amounts of mining are also done for tantalum. There are also several areas of potential development for commercial use. Natural gas is available as well as iron ore. Ethiopia relies on imported oil for their community needs.
Ethiopia is a country of hope, with the United States partnering in training and assistance. Together, emphasis is placed on Ethiopian economy and the well-being of the community. Ethiopia is a place rich in history, full of vibrant tradition.
Ethiopia is a delightful place to tour and to take part in breathtaking views of nature. Families can experience first-hand the customary traditions of the tribal members. Trekking and birding is of interest to many visitors. Viewing the Oma River Region is also a fascinating view of the African culture. Tour guides are available for many sight seeing opportunities.
Ethiopian cuisine is full of unique flavor, and distinctive to the culture. Generally, Ethiopian cuisineconsists of spicy vegetable and meat dishes. Dishes are usually served as a thick stew, known as wat, served on top of large, flat sourdough bread called injera. Ethiopians rarely use utensils rather use pieces ofinjera to wrap up the food with their right hand fingers.
Vegan dishes are also popular within Ethiopian cuisine. A rich variety of cooking oils have been created by Ethiopian cooks. Sources for oils include sesame and sunflower. Ethiopian dishes also use nug, which is unique to their culture.
The various ethnic groups in Ethiopia prepare their own version of cultural cuisine. Each will commonly consist of stew, flatbread, and spices. Vegan dishes may also be popular depending on the group. Snacks within the country generally are small pieces of baked bread, known as kollo. Pasta is also available in the city areas.
Ethiopian coffee has strong cultural ties to the community. It is a very large part of their tradition. After each meal, a coffee ceremony takes place. Espresso coffee is traditionally used. Coffee is very critical to the Ethiopian economy and is central to Ethiopian beverages.
Ethiopian cuisine is generally served on a tabletop, known as a mesob. They are generally made of straw, and also contain a lid. When the food is ready to eat, a hand washing basin is brought nearby. During the eating ceremony, the food is placed within the mesob.
The culture and cuisine of Ethiopia is full of diversity and uniqueness. It is full of history and character. Tasting the cuisine of Ethiopia brings a new experience to those who are unfamiliar with it. It is varied in flavor across the community.
Ethiopia also produces its own wine. Red wine comes in Dukam and Gouder. Their elegant sweet red wine is known by Axumite. They also produce white wines known as Crystals. The best wine they have to offer is the home-made honey wine, known as Tela.
If you consider touring Ethiopia, it will be a unique experience for you. As a visitor, you will experience wonderful cuisine that can only be found in their area. You will be able to partake of the finest wine in Ethiopia. It will be the experience of a life time, never to be forgotten.
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